当前位置: 首页 » 资料 » 医药中间体库 » ,C9H8F2O2,186.1597,(2R)-1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-p

,C9H8F2O2,186.1597,(2R)-1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-p

放大字体  缩小字体 更新日期:2018-11-23  浏览次数:116
摘 要:,C9H8F2O2,186.1597,(2R)-1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-propanone
  • 【化学名】(2R)-1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-propanone
  • 【CAS登记号】
  • 【结构式】,C9H8F2O2,186.1597,(2R)-1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-p--药物合成数据库
  • 【分子式】C9H8F2O2
  • 【分子量】186.1597
  • 【来源】
  • 【合成情况】 
  • 〖目标产物〗Genaconazole, SM-9164(RR-isomer), Sch-42426(SS-isomer), Sch-42427(RR-isomer), Sch-39304, SM-8668
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗A synthesis of Sch-42427, the active (RR)-enantiomer of Sch-39304, has been published: The condensation of 1,3-difluorobenzene (I) with (S)-2-chloropropionyl chloride (II) by means of AlCl3 gives 2(S)-chloro-1-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1-propanone (III), which is reduced with NaCNBH3 to the corresponding alcohol (IV). Epoxidation of (IV) with K2CO3 in methanol yields the chiral epoxide (V). The oxidative opening of (V) by means of BF3 in DMSO affords (R)-1-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxypropanone (VI), which is protected with dihydropyran (DHP) and p-toluenesulfonic acid to the tetrahydropyranyl ether (VIII). Alternatively, the treatment of (V) with trimethylsilyl bromide and dihydropyran gives the (R)-bromo-tetrahydropyranyl ether (VII), which can be oxidized to (VIII) with silver benzoate. The reaction of (VIII) with sodium dimethylsulfoxonium methylide in THF gives the epoxide (IX), which is opened with sodium 1,2,4-triazole (X) to yield the semi-protected diol (XI). Hydrolysis of (XI) in acidic medium affords the diol (XII), which is treated with methanesulfonyl chloride and triethylamine to afford the mono methanesulfonyl ester (XIII). The reaction of (XIII) with sodium methyl mercaptane gives the thioether (XIV), which is finally oxidized with peracetic acid.
  • 〖参考〗Girijavallabhan, V.M.; Pinto, P.A.; Ganguly, A.K.; Sarre, O.Z.; Synthesis of the antifungal agent SCH 42427 (SM 9164). Bioorg Med Chem Lett 1992, 1, 7, 349
  • 〖目标产物〗Genaconazole, SM-9164(RR-isomer), Sch-42426(SS-isomer), Sch-42427(RR-isomer), Sch-39304, SM-8668
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗A synthesis of Sch-42427/SM-9164, the active (RR)-enantiomer of Sch-39304, has been reported: The reaction of the chiral epoxide 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3(R)-methyloxirane (I) with trimethylsilyltriflate (TMSOTf) or tert-butyldimethylsilyl triflate (TBDMSOTf) yields compound (II) or (III), respectively; the acidic hydrolysis of both compounds affords the chiral ketol (IV), which is protected with dihydropyran (DHP) to give the tetrahydropyranyl ether (V). The regioselective reaction of (V) with trimethylsulfonium iodide and NaH in THF affords the chiral oxirane (VI), which is treated with sodium 1,2,4-triazole (VII) in DMF to afford the (R,R)-diol (VIII). Finally, this compound is partially esterified with methanesulfonyl chloride, treated with methylmercaptane, and finally oxidized with peracetic acid.
  • 〖参考〗Gala, D.; DiBenedetto, D.J.; A rational approach to chiral alpha-hydroxy aryl ketones from chiral aryl epoxides via regioselective, stereo retentive oxidative epoxide opening: Its application to the synthesis of antifungal Sch 42427/SM 9164. Tetrahedron L/131/13100.gif" target
  • 〖目标产物〗Ravuconazole, BMS-207147, ER-30346
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗The nitrile (III), a chiral key intermediate of this synthesis, can be obtained by two different synthetic routes as follows: Route-a: The key step of this route is ring opening reaction of the trisubstituted oxirane (VII) by cyanide anion leading to the nitrile (III). The chiral oxirane (VII) is synthesized from (R)-lactic acid derivatives as already reported. The reaction of (VII) with diethylaluminum cyanide in toluene or lithium cyanide in tetrahydrofuran gives the nitrile (III) with high yield without any epimerization reaction.
  • 〖参考〗Tasaka, A.; Tamura, N.; Matsushita, Y.; Teranishi, K.; Hayashi, R.; Okonogi, K.; Itoh, K.; Optically active antifungal azoles. I. Synthesis and antifungal activity of (2R,3R)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-mercapto-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-butanol and stereo/131/13100.gif" target="_blank" t??缙?i??ick
  • 〖目标产物〗Ravuconazole, BMS-207147, ER-30346
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗The nitrile (III), a chiral key intermediate of this synthesis, can be obtained by two different synthetic routes as follows: Route-a: The key step of this route is ring opening reaction of the trisubstituted oxirane (VII) by cyanide anion leading to the nitrile (III). The chiral oxirane (VII) is synthesized from (R)-lactic acid derivatives as already reported. The reaction of (VII) with diethylaluminum cyanide in toluene or lithium cyanide in tetrahydrofuran gives the nitrile (III) with high yield without any epimerization reaction.
  • 〖参考〗Naito, T.; Hata, K.; Tsuruoka, A.; ER-30346. Drugs Fut 1996, 21, 1, 20
  • 〖目标产物〗Ravuconazole, BMS-207147, ER-30346
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗The nitrile (III), a chiral key intermediate of this synthesis, can be obtained by two different synthetic routes as follows: Route-a: The key step of this route is ring opening reaction of the trisubstituted oxirane (VII) by cyanide anion leading to the nitrile (III). The chiral oxirane (VII) is synthesized from (R)-lactic acid derivatives as already reported. The reaction of (VII) with diethylaluminum cyanide in toluene or lithium cyanide in tetrahydrofuran gives the nitrile (III) with high yield without any epimerization reaction.
  • 〖参考〗Konos, T.; Miyaoka, T.; Tajima, Y.; Oida, S.; Triazole antifungals. III. Stereocontrolled synthesis of an optically active triazolylmethyloxirane precursor to antifungal oxazolodine derivatives. Chem Pharm Bull 1991, 39, 9, 2241
  • 〖目标产物〗Ravuconazole, BMS-207147, ER-30346
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗The nitrile (III), a chiral key intermediate of this synthesis, can be obtained by two different synthetic routes as follows: Route-a: The key step of this route is ring opening reaction of the trisubstituted oxirane (VII) by cyanide anion leading to the nitrile (III). The chiral oxirane (VII) is synthesized from (R)-lactic acid derivatives as already reported. The reaction of (VII) with diethylaluminum cyanide in toluene or lithium cyanide in tetrahydrofuran gives the nitrile (III) with high yield without any epimerization reaction.
  • 〖参考〗Saji, I.; Tamoto, K.; Tanaka, Y.; Fujimoto, K.; Ohashi, N.; Stereoselective synthesis of antifungal agent threo-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-methylsulfonyl-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-butanol (SM-8668). Bull Chem Soc Jpn 1994, 67, 1427-33
  • 〖目标产物〗Ravuconazole, BMS-207147, ER-30346
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗The nitrile (III), a chiral key intermediate of this synthesis, can be obtained by two different synthetic routes as follows: Route-a: The key step of this route is ring opening reaction of the trisubstituted oxirane (VII) by cyanide anion leading to the nitrile (III). The chiral oxirane (VII) is synthesized from (R)-lactic acid derivatives as already reported. The reaction of (VII) with diethylaluminum cyanide in toluene or lithium cyanide in tetrahydrofuran gives the nitrile (III) with high yield without any epimerization reaction.
  • 〖参考〗Naito, T.; Hata, K.; Kaku, Y.; Tsuruoka, A.; Tsukada, I.; Yanagisawa, M.; Toyosawa, T.; Nara, K. (Eisai Co., Ltd.); Azole antifungal agents, process for the preparation thereof and intermediates. CA 2141731; EP 0667346; JP 1995223950; JP 1996020578; JP 19/131/13100.gif" target="_blank" t??缙?i??ick
  • 〖目标产物〗CS-758, R-120758
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗The known chiral epoxide (IX) can be synthesized by several different ways shown in the following: 1) 2(S)-Acetoxypropionic acid (XII) is treated first with oxalyl chloride in DMF/CH2Cl2, and then the resultant acyl chloride is submitted to a Friedel-Crafts reaction with 1,3-difluorobenzene (XIII) by means of AlCl3 to provide a 1:1 mixture of a(S)-acetoxypropiophenone (XIV) and a(S)-hydroxy-propiophenone (XV). This mixture is treated with H2SO4 in MeOH to give the pure alcohol (XV). Tosylation of alcohol (XV) with p-toluenesulfonyl chloride in pyridine furnishes tosylate (XVI), which is converted into a(R)-hydroxypropiophenone (XVII) by an SN2 displacement reaction with LiOH in DMF/H2O. Reaction of the hydroxy group of (XVII) with 2,3-dihydropyran (XVIII) and pyridi-nium p-toluenesulfonate (PPTS) in CH2Cl2 gives the protected compound (XIX), which is converted into the silyl alcohol (XXI) by a Grignard reaction with (chloro-methyl)dimethylisopropoxysilane (XX) in the presence of Mg and a small amount of MeI. Oxidative desilylation of (XXI) by means of NaHCO3 and H2O2 in THF/MeOH, followed by hydrolysis with TsOH in MeOH, affords the triol (XXII), which is then mesylated with methanesulfonyl chloride in pyridine to provide the dimesylate (XXIII). Finally, nucleofilic substitution of one mesylate group of (XXIII) with 1H-1,2,4-triazole (XXIV) by means of NaH in DMF with concomitant epoxide formation affords the desired intermediate (IX).
  • 〖参考〗Konos, T.; Miyaoka, T.; Tajima, Y.; Oida, S.; Triazole antifungals. III. Stereocontrolled synthesis of an optically active triazolylmethyloxirane precursor to antifungal oxazolodine derivatives. Chem Pharm Bull 1991, 39, 9, 2241
  • 〖目标产物〗CS-758, R-120758
  • 〖合成路线〗
  • 〖合成方法〗The known chiral epoxide (IX) can be synthesized by several different ways shown in the following: 1) 2(S)-Acetoxypropionic acid (XII) is treated first with oxalyl chloride in DMF/CH2Cl2, and then the resultant acyl chloride is submitted to a Friedel-Crafts reaction with 1,3-difluorobenzene (XIII) by means of AlCl3 to provide a 1:1 mixture of a(S)-acetoxypropiophenone (XIV) and a(S)-hydroxy-propiophenone (XV). This mixture is treated with H2SO4 in MeOH to give the pure alcohol (XV). Tosylation of alcohol (XV) with p-toluenesulfonyl chloride in pyridine furnishes tosylate (XVI), which is converted into a(R)-hydroxypropiophenone (XVII) by an SN2 displacement reaction with LiOH in DMF/H2O. Reaction of the hydroxy group of (XVII) with 2,3-dihydropyran (XVIII) and pyridi-nium p-toluenesulfonate (PPTS) in CH2Cl2 gives the protected compound (XIX), which is converted into the silyl alcohol (XXI) by a Grignard reaction with (chloro-methyl)dimethylisopropoxysilane (XX) in the presence of Mg and a small amount of MeI. Oxidative desilylation of (XXI) by means of NaHCO3 and H2O2 in THF/MeOH, followed by hydrolysis with TsOH in MeOH, affords the triol (XXII), which is then mesylated with methanesulfonyl chloride in pyridine to provide the dimesylate (XXIII). Finally, nucleofilic substitution of one mesylate group of (XXIII) with 1H-1,2,4-triazole (XXIV) by means of NaH in DMF with concomitant epoxide formation affords the desired intermediate (IX).
  • 〖参考〗Sorbera, L.A.; del Fresno, M.; Rabasseda, X.; CS-758. Drugs Fut 2003, 28, 3, 217
 
本文导航:
  • (1) ,C9H8F2O2,186.1597,(2R)-1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-p
  • 下一篇:鳖甲
  • 上一篇:暂无
 
[ 资料搜索 ]  [ 加入收藏 ]  [ 告诉好友 ]  [ 打印本文 ]  [ 关闭窗口 ]

 

 
推荐图文
推荐资料
热门关注